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   "TITTER YE NOT"

             *******************

 

My wife reckons my

obsession with conspiracy theories is getting out of control.

 

I wonder how much dirty

money the Russian

government paid her to say

that?

 

********************

 

What's the name of the

Russian guy who invented

a cure for the common cold?

 

Benylin Forchestikov.

 

********************

 

It's in the news today that

an ex- KGB spy is trying to buy a British newspaper.

 

Presumably, one of those with cut out eye holes.

 

*********************

 

What do you call a Russian

with Tourette's Syndrome?

 

Yukan Fukov.

 

*********************

 

My mate's opened up a new

chain of coffee shops in Russia.

 

It's called Tsarbucks.

 

*********************

 

 

 GREGORIN RASPUTIN 

 

 RASPUTIN'S HYPNOTIC 

 EYES 

 

 RASPUTIN? 

 

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Grigori Yefimovich Rasputin hypnotic eyes
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Grigori Yefimovich Rasputin the minister of evil

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Grigori Yefimovich Rasputin 21 January [O.S. 9 January] 1869 –

30 December [O.S. 17 December] 1916) was a Russian mystic

and self-proclaimed holy man who befriended the family of Tsar

Nicholas II, the last monarch of Russia, and gained considerable

influence in late  imperial Russia. 

 

Born to a peasant family in the Siberian village of  Pokrovskoye, 

Rasputin had a religious conversion experience after taking a

pilgrimage to a monastery in 1897. He has been described as a

monk or as a "strannik"  (wanderer, or pilgrim), though he held no

official position in the Russian Orthodox Church. After traveling to

St. Petersburg, either in 1903 or the winter of 1904–5, Rasputin

captivated some church and social leaders. He became a society figure, and met the Tsar in

November 1905.

In late 1906, Rasputin began acting as a healer for the Tsar and his wife Alexandra's son Alexei,

who suffered from  hemophilia and was Nicholas' only heir (Tsarevitch). At court, he was a

divisive figure, seen by some Russians as a mystic, visionary, and prophet, and by others as a

 religious charlatan.  The high point of Rasputin's power was in 1915, when Nicholas II left St

Petersburg to oversee Russian armies fighting World War I, increasing both Alexandra and

Rasputin's influence. As Russian defeats in the war mounted, however, both Rasputin and

Alexandra became increasingly unpopular. In the early morning of 30 December [O.S. 17

December] 1916, Rasputin was assassinated by a group of conservative noblemen who opposed

his influence over Alexandra and the Tsar.                                                                                              

 

Some writers have suggested that Rasputin helped discredit the  tsarist government,  and thus

helped precipitate the Russian Revolution and the fall of the Romanov dynasty. Very little about Rasputin's life and influence is

certain, however, as accounts have often been based on hearsay, rumor, and legend.

grigori rasputins early life he was born the son of a well to do peasant

                                                                                                 

                                                                                               There are few records of Rasputin's parents. His father, Efim                                                                                                                    (sometimes spelled Yefim), was a peasant farmer and church elder

                                                                                               who had been born in Pokrovskoye in 1842, and married Rasputin's                                                                                                        mother, Anna Parshukova, in 1863. Efim also worked as a government                                                                                                    courier, ferrying people and goods between Tobolsk and Tyumen The                                                                                                      couple had seven other children, all of whom died in infancy and early                                                                                                    childhood; may have been a ninth child, Feodosiya. According to                                                                                                            historian  T. Fuhrmann,  Rasputin was certainly close to Feodosiya and was                                                                                         godfather to her children, but "the records that have survived do not

                                                                                               permit us to say more than that."

                                                                                               According to historian  Douglas Smith,  Rasputin's youth and early                                                                                                          adulthood are "a black hole about which we know almost nothing",

                                                                                               though the lack of reliable sources and information did not stop others

                                                                                               from fabricating stories about his parents and his youth after Rasputin's

                                                                                               rise to fame. Historians agree, however, that like most Siberian

                                                                                               peasants, including his mother and father, Rasputin was never formally                                                                                                  educated, and he remained illiterate well into his early adulthood. Local   archival records suggest that he had a somewhat unruly youth – possibly involving drinking, small thefts, and disrespect for local authorities – but contain no evidence of his being charged with stealing horses, blasphemy, or bearing false witness, all major

crimes that he was later rumored to have committed as a young man.

In 1886, Rasputin traveled to Abalak, where he met a peasant girl named  Praskovya Dubrovina.  After a courtship of several

months, they married in February 1887. Praskovya remained in Pokrovskoye throughout Rasputin's later travels and rise to prominence, and remained devoted to him until his death. The couple had seven children, though only three survived to

adulthood:

                Dmitry (b. 1895), Maria (b. 1898) and Varvara (b. 1900).

In 1897, Rasputin developed a renewed interest in religion and left Pokrovskoye to go on a pilgrimage. His reasons for doing so are unclear:

            according to some sources, Rasputin left the village to escape punishment for his role in a horse theft. Other sources

suggest that he had a vision – either of the Virgin Mary, or of  St. Simeon of Verkhoturye  – while still others suggest that Rasputin's pilgrimage was inspired by his interactions with a young theological student, Melity Zaborovsky. Whatever his reasons, Rasputin's departure was a radical life change:

                                                        he was twenty-eight, had been married ten years, and had an infant son with another child on the way. According to Douglas Smith, his decision "could only have been occasioned by some sort of emotional or spiritual crisis."

Rasputin had undertaken earlier, shorter pilgrimages to the  Holy Znamensky Monastery  at Abalak and to Tobolsk's cathedral, but his visit to the St. Nicholas Monastery at Verkhoturye in 1897 was transformative. There, he met and was "profoundly humbled" by a starets (elder) known as Makary. Rasputin may have spent several months at Verkhoturye, and it was perhaps here that he

learned to read and write, but he later complained about the monastery itself, claiming that some of the monks engaged in homosexuality and criticizing monastic life as too coercive. He returned to Pokrovskoye a changed man, looking disheveled and behaving differently than he had before. He became a vegetarian, swore off alcohol, and prayed and sang much more fervently than he had in the past.

Rasputin would spend the years that followed living as a  Strannik,  (a holy wanderer, or pilgrim), leaving Pokrovskoye for months or even years at a time to wander the country and visit a variety of different holy sites. It is possible that Rasputin wandered as far

Athos, Greece – the center of Orthodox monastic life – in 1900.

father grigori efirmovich rasputin with his adoring women

 Father Grigori Efimovich Rasputin and adoring women 

 of the Russian nobility - 1916 

 Back In The USSR -

 Lemmy (Motorhead) 

 Butchering The Beatles? 

 

By the early 1900s, Rasputin had developed a small circle of acolytes, primarily family members and other local peasants, who prayed with him on Sundays and other holy days when he was in Pokrovskoye. Building a makeshift chapel in Efim's root cellar – Rasputin was still living within his father's household at the time – the group held secret prayer meetings there. These meetings

were the subject of some suspicion and hostility from the village priest and other villagers. It was rumored that female followers were ceremonially washing him before each meeting, that the group sang strange songs that the villagers had not heard before, and even that Rasputin had joined the  Khlysty,  a religious sect whose ecstatic rituals were rumored to included self-flagellation and sexual orgies. According to historian Joseph Fuhrmann, however, "repeated investigations failed to establish that Rasputin was ever a member of the sect," and rumors that he was a Khlyst appear to

have been unfounded.

Word of Rasputin's activity and charisma began to spread in

 Siberia  during the early 1900s. Sometime between 1902 and 1904,

he traveled to the city of Kazan on the Volga river, where he

acquired a reputation as a wise and perceptive starets, or holy man,

who could help people resolve their spiritual crises and anxieties.

Despite rumors that Rasputin was having sex with some of his

female followers, he won over the father superior of the Seven Lakes

Monastery outside Kazan, as well as a local church officials

Archimandrite Andrei and Bishop Chrysthanos, who gave him a

letter of recommendation to Bishop Sergei, the rector of the St.

Petersburg Theological Seminary at the Alexander Nevsky

Monastery, and arranged for him to travel to St. Petersburg, either in

1903 or in the winter of 1904–1905.

Upon meeting Sergei at the Nevsky Monastery, Rasputin was

introduced to a number of different church leaders, including

Archimandrite Feofan, who was the inspector of the theological

seminary, was well-connected in St. Petersburg society, and later

served as confessor to the Tsar and his wife. Feofan was so

impressed with Rasputin that he invited him to stay in his home, and

became one of Rasputin's most important and influential friends in

St. Petersburg.

According to Joseph T. Fuhrmann, Rasputin stayed in St. Petersburg

for only a few months on his first visit and returned to Prokovskoye in the fall of 1903. Historian Douglas Smith, however, argues that it is impossible to know whether Rasputin stayed in St. Petersburg or returned to Prokovskoye at some point between his first arrival there and 1905. Regardless, by 1905 Rasputin had formed friendships with several members of the aristocracy, including the "Black Princesses," Militsa and Anatasia of Montenegro, who had married the Tsar's cousins ( Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich  and Grand                                                                                                 Duke Nikolai Nikolaevich), and were instrumental in introducing Rasputin                                                                                               to the Tsar and his family.

                                                                                           Rasputin first met the Tsar on November 1, 1905, at the  Peterhof Palace.                                                                                              The tsar recorded the event in his diary, writing that he and Alexandra had                                                                                             "made the acquaintance of a man of God –Grigory, from Tobolsk province."                                                                                             Rasputin would not meet the Tsar and his wife again for some months:

                                                                                                                                                                                                          he                                                                                                 returned to Prokovskoye shortly after their first meeting and did not return                                                                                               to St. Petersburg until July 1906. On his return, Rasputin sent Nicholas a                                                                                               telegram asking to present the tsar with an icon of Simeon of Verkhoturye.                                                                                             He met with Nicholas and Alexandra on July 18 and again in October,                                                                                                     when he first met their children. Joseph Fuhrmann has speculated that it                                                                                                 was in October that Rasputin was first asked to pray for the health of                                                                                                       Alexei.

                                                                                           By December 1906, Rasputin had become close enough to the royal family                                                                                            to ask a special favour of the Tsar – that he be permitted to change his                                                                                                   surname to Rasputin-Novyi (Rasputin-New). Nicholas granted the request                                                                                              and the name change was speedily processed, suggesting that the Tsar                                                                                                 viewed – and treated – Rasputin favorably at that time.

Much of Rasputin's influence with the royal family stemmed from the belief by Alexandra and others that he had eased the pain and stopped the bleeding of the Tsarevich – who suffered from  hemophilia  – on several occasions. According to historian Marc Ferro, the Tsarina had a "passionate attachment" to Rasputin as a result of her belief that he could heal her son's affliction. Harold Shukman wrote that Rasputin became "an indispensable member of the royal entourage" as a result.

Rasputin had been rumored to be capable of faith healing since his arrival in St. Petersburg, and the Tsarina's friend

 Anna Vyrubova  became convinced that Rasputin had miraculous powers shortly there after. Vyrubova would become one of Rasputin's most influential advocates.

It is unclear when Rasputin first learned of  Alexei's  hemophilia, or when he first acted as a healer for Alexei. He may have been aware of Alexei's condition as early as October 1906, and was summoned by Alexandra to pray for Alexei when he had an internal hemorrhage in the spring of 1907. Alexei recovered the next morning.

During the summer of 1912, Alexei developed a hemorrhage in his thigh and groin after a jolting carriage ride near the royal hunting grounds at Spala, which caused a large hematoma. In severe pain and delirious with fever, the Tsarevich appeared to be close to death. In desperation, the  Tsarina  asked Vyrubova to send Rasputin (who was in Siberia) a telegram, asking him to pray for Alexei. Rasputin wrote back quickly, telling the Tsarina that "God has seen your tears and heard your prayers. Do not grieve. The Little One will not die. Do not allow the doctors to bother him too much." The next morning, Alexei's condition was unchanged, but Alexandra was encouraged by the message and regained some hope that Alexei would survive. Alexei's bleeding stopped the following day.

 

Historian  Robert K. Massie  has called Alexei's recovery "one of the most mysterious episodes of the whole Rasputin legend." The cause of his recovery is unclear:

                                                   Massie speculated that Rasputin's suggestion not to let doctors disturb Alexei had aided his

recovery by allowing him to rest and heal, or that his message may have aided Alexei's recovery by calming Alexandra and reducing the emotional stress on Alexei.  Alexandra, however, believed that Rasputin had performed a miracle, and concluded that he was essential to Alexei's survival. Some writers and historians, such as Ferro, have claimed that Rasputin stopped Alexei's bleeding on other occasions through hypnosis.

Rasputin became a controversial figure, involved in a paradigm of sharp political struggle involving monarchist, anti-monarchist, revolutionary and other political forces and interests. He was accused by many eminent persons of various misdeeds, ranging from an unrestricted sexual life (including raping a nun) to undue political domination over the royal family.

 

Even before Rasputin's arrival, the upper class of St Petersburg had been widely influenced by mysticism. Individual aristocrats

were reportedly obsessions with anything occult. Alexandra had been meeting a succession of Russian "holy fools," hoping to find

an intercessory with God.  Papus  three times, in 1901, 1905, and 1906, serving the Tsar and Tsarina both as physician and occult consultant. After Papus returned to France, Rasputin came into the picture. In those days Imperial Russia was confronted with a

religious renaissance, a widespread interest in spiritual-ethical literature and non-conformist moral-spiritual movements, an upsurge in pilgrimage and other devotions to sacred spaces and objects. The "God-Seeking" were shaping their own ritual and spiritual lives (sometimes in the absence of clergy).

 

In his religious views Rasputin was close to the so-called Khlysts, an obscure Christian sect with strong Siberian roots. In September

1907 the "Spiritual Consistory" of Tobolsk accused Rasputin of spreading false doctrines, kissing and bathing with women. During

the enquiry Rasputin disappeared it seems and "the effort of local priests to discipline their most troublesome parishioner failed." According to  Oleg Platonov:  "The case was fabricated so clumsily that it

‘works’ only against its own authors. No wonder the documents were

never published. Nothing but allusions were made to its existence." In

1908 Theofan traveled to Siberia and examined all the documents from

the Tobolsk inquiry, but failed to find anything of interest.

 

While fascinated by Rasputin in the beginning, the ruling class of St

Petersburg began to turn against him as he had privileges no one else

had, an easy access to the Imperial Family. In 1909, within four months,

Rasputin had visited the Romanovs six times. The press started a

campaign against Rasputin, claiming he paid too much attention to

young girls and women. Theofan lost his interest and Stolypin wanted to

ban him from the capital. When Rasputin arrived in St Petersburg, he

returned within three weeks to his home village, according to Spiridovich.

Early in 1911 the Tsar instructed Rasputin to join a group of pilgrims.

From Odessa they sailed to Constantinople, Smyrna, Ephesus, Patmos,

Rhodes, Cyprus, Beirut, Tripoli, and Jaffa. Around Lent 1911 Rasputin

paid a visit to Jerusalem and the Holy Land. On his way back he visited

Iliodor who gathered huge crowds in Tsaritsyn. In early 1912, Hermogen,

who told Rasputin to stay away from the palace, repeated the rumours

that Rasputin had joined the Khlysty. Iliodor, hinting that Rasputin was

Alexandra's paramour, showed Makarov a satchel of letters, one written by the Tsarina and four by her daughters. The given or stolen letters were handed to the Tsar.  Rodzianko  requested Rasputin to leave the capital. When Vladimir Kokovtsov became

prime minister he asked the Tsar permission to authorize Rasputin's exile to Tobolsk, but Nicholas refused. "I know Rasputin too well to believe all the tittle-tattle about him." Kokovtsov offered Rasputin 200,000 rubles, equaling $100,000, if he would leave the capital. Rasputin had become one of the most hated people in Russia.

 

There is little or no proof that he was a member of the Khlysty, but Rasputin does appear to have been influenced by their practices. He accepted some of their beliefs, for example those regarding sin as a necessary part of redemption. He believed that those deliberately committing  fornication  and then repenting bitterly, would be closer to God. Suspicions that Rasputin, a good dancer, was one of the Khlysty tarnished his reputation right until the end of his life. The basis for the denunciation of Rasputin as a Khlyst was mixed bathing, a common custom among the peasants in many parts of Siberia.

 

After the Spała accident, where the careless Tsesarevich climbed into a boat and fell, Rasputin regained influence at court and also in church affairs when a new bishop was appointed in Tobolsk. His position as an intermediary had been dramatically validated, but the Holy Synod frequently attacked Rasputin, accusing him of a variety of immoral or evil practices. Rasputin was variously accused of being a heretic, an  erotomaniac  or a pseudo-khlyst. On the 21st of February 1913 Rodzianko ejected Rasputin from the

Cathedral of Our Lady of Kazan shortly before the celebration of 300 years of Romanov rule in Russia. He had established himself

in the front seats which Rodzianko, after great difficulty, had secured for the Duma.

 

Rasputin's behaviour was discussed in the  Fourth Duma,  and in March 1913 the Octobrists, led by Alexander Guchkov

commissioned an investigation, but "anyone bold enough to criticize Rasputin found only condemnation from the Tsarina." Worried with the threat of a scandal, the Tsar asked Rasputin to leave for Siberia. Nicholas had accepted investigations on Rasputin, but the

new bishop in Tobolsk, dismissed the case. The investigations were stopped and Nicholas decided to criticize the politicians. He and his wife referred to Grigori as our "Friend" and a "holy man", emblematic of the trust that the family had placed in him. The Tsar dismissed Kokovtsov on the 29th of January 1914. He was replaced by the absent minded Ivan Goremykin, and Pyotr Bark.

 

 THE ROMANOV ROYAL FAMILY 

the romanov royal family there fate is sealed

According to Pavel Milyukov, in May 1914 Rasputin had become an influential factor in Russian politics. On the 27th of June 1914

Rasputin arrived from the capital in Pokrovskoye. Around 3:00 pm of Sunday the 12th of July 1914, Rasputin went out from the

house in reply to a telegram he had received. Returning to his house he was suddenly attacked by one  Khionia Guseva.  This

woman, who had her face concealed with a black kerchief, approached him and pulled out a dagger. She stabbed Rasputin in the stomach, just above the navel. Rasputin asserted that he ran down the street with his hands on his belly. Guseva claimed that she chased him, but Rasputin grabbed a stick from the ground and hit her. Covered with blood, Rasputin was brought into his house.

Just before midnight a doctor arrived from the neighboring village and operated on him by candlelight.

 

Rasputin was transported by boat on Thursday to Tyumen, accompanied by his wife and daughter. The Tsar sent his own physician

and after a  laparotomy  and more than six weeks in the hospital, where he had to walk around in a gown, unable to wear ordinary clothes, Rasputin recovered. On the 17th of August 1914 he left the hospital; mid September he was back in Petrograd. His

daughter Maria records that Rasputin believed that Iliodor and Vladimir Dzhunkovsky had organized the attack, and that he was never the same man afterwards. According to her, he started to drink Georgian or Crimean dessert wines.

 

After the attack, Iliodor, dressed as a woman, fled with the help of  Maxim Gorki  all the way around the Gulf of Bothnia to Oslo. Guseva, a fanatically religious woman, had been his adherent in earlier years "denied Iliodor's participation, declaring that she attempted to kill Rasputin because he was spreading temptation among the innocent." On the 12th of October 1914 the investigator declared that Iliodor was guilty of inciting the murder, but the local procurator decided to suspend any action against him for undisclosed reasons, Guseva was locked in a madhouse in Tomsk and a trial was avoided. Most of Rasputin's enemies had by now disappeared. Stolypin was dead, Count Kokovtsov had fallen from power, Theofan was exiled, Hermogen banished and Iliodor in hiding.

 

Shortly before the outbreak of World War I, Rasputin spoke out against Russia going to war with Germany. He begged the Tsar to

do everything in his power to avoid war. From the hospital Rasputin sent quite a few telegrams to the court, expressing his fears for the future of the country. "If Russia goes to war, it will be the end of the monarchy, of the Romanovs and of Russian institutions." During the July Crisis the Tsar ordered first general and then partial  mobilization  to support the Kingdom of Serbia. He expected Germany would never attack Russia, France and England combined.

 

Russia expected that the war would last until Christmas, but after a year the situation on the Eastern front had become disastrous; more than 1,5 million Russian soldiers had died. In the big cities there was a shortage of food and high prices and the Russian people blamed all on "dark forces" or spies for and

collaborators with Germany. On the 26th of May 1915

shops in Moscow, owned by foreigners, were attacked.

The crowd called for the Empress, who had German roots,

to be locked up in a convent. In July Lenin published an

article calling for the defeat of the Russian government. He

rejected both the defense of Russia and the cry for peace.

When the German army occupied Warsaw in August 1915

the situation looked extremely grave, because of a

shortage in weapons and munitions due to bad rail

connections. As a result the Russian army had to withdraw.

Vladimir Sukhomlinov left on charges of abuse of power

and treason.

 

Tsar Nicholas took supreme command of the Russian

armies on the 23rd of August 1915, hoping this would lift

morale. He was undoubtedly led to this fateful decision by

the insistence of the Tsarina and of Rasputin who, according to Maklakov, seem to have been the only ones who supported the Tsar in his decision. "Having one man in charge of the situation would consolidate all decision making."However, there proved to be dire consequences for himself as well as for Russia. It seems all the  Romanov's  despised his decision; Duchess Vladimir wasn't the only one who feared the Empress would "be the sole ruler of Russia". All the ministers, even Ivan Goremykin, realized that the change would put Alexandra and Rasputin in charge and threatened to resign. The Progressive bloc demanded the forming of a "government of confidence", but the Tsar rejected these proposals. The Imperial Duma was sent into recess on the 3rd of

September and would not gather again until the 9th of February 1916. Vasily Maklakov published his famous article, describing Russia as a vehicle with no brakes, driven along a narrow mountain path by a "mad chauffeur".

 

the tsarina was german born and disliked by the russian people

 THE TSAR AND TSARINA 

 

On the 19th of August 1915, after an unsuccessful attempt to discredit Rasputin and the Tsarina in a newspaper, Prince Vladimir Orlov and  Vladimir Dzhunkovsky  were discharged from their posts. The Tsar then pronounced the relationship between Rasputin and his wife to be a private one, and closed to debate.

 

On the eve of the war the government and the Duma were hovering round one another like indecisive wrestlers, neither side able to make a definite move. The Great Retreat made the political parties more cooperative and practically formed into one party. On the 24th of August the Progressive Bloc, a combination of  Octobrists,  Kadets, and Nationalists, was formed.

 

While seldom meeting with Alexandra personally after the debate in the Duma, Rasputin had become her personal adviser through daily telephone calls or weekly meetings with Vyrubova. This was especially the case after August 1915 when the Emperor left

Petrograd for Stavka at the front, leaving his wife Alexandra Feodorovna to act in his place. Rasputin's personal influence over the Tsarina had become so great that it was he who ordered the destinies of Imperial Russia, while she compelled her weak

husband to fulfill them. According to Fuhrmann a symbiotic relationship developed between the Tsarina and Rasputin, in which

"each fed from the other". According to  Pierre Gilliard  "her desires were interpreted by Rasputin, they seemed in her eyes to have the sanction and authority of a revelation." "The Tsar had resisted the influence of Rasputin for a long time. At the beginning he had tolerated him because he dare not weaken the Tsarina's faith in him – a faith which kept her alive. He did not like to send him away,  if Alexei Nicolaievich had died, in the eyes of the mother he would have been the murderer of his own son."

 

In late 1915 Alexandra and Rasputin advised the Tsar in military strategies around Riga where the Germans were stopped. It seems the two also dominated the  Holy Synod.  Rasputin was invited to see Alexei when the 11-year-old boy had another serious bleeding.

 

 Alexei Khvostov  and Iliodor or Beletsky concocted a plan to kill Rasputin. Khvostov repeated the rumour suggesting that Alexandra and Rasputin were German agents or spies. Evidence that Rasputin actually worked for the Germans is flimsy at best. According to

Kerensky people around Rasputin were interested in strategic information. Rasputin himself never cared much about money and gave it away as soon he had received it. He had built up a reputation of being at once a generous and a disinterested man. Besides alms Rasputin spent large sums in restaurants, cafes, music halls and in the streets... Rather paranoid, Rasputin went to Alexander Spiridovich, head of the palace police, on the 1st of March. He was constantly in a state of nervous excitement. Khvostov had to resign within a week and was banned to his estate.

 

On the 1st of November the government under Boris Stürmer was attacked by Pavel Milyukov in the Imperial Duma. In his speech he spoke of "Dark Forces" to avoid the name of Rasputin and Alexandra. He highlighted numerous governmental failures, including the case Suchomlinov, concluding that Stürmer's policies placed in jeopardy the  Triple Entente.  After each accusation– many times without basis–he asked "Is this stupidity or is it treason?" and the listeners answered "stupidity!", "treason!", or "both!"; Stürmer, followed by all his ministers, walked out. Stürmer and Protopopov asked in vain for the dissolution of the Duma. Ivan Grigorovich

and Dmitry Shuvayev declared in the Duma that they had confidence in the Russian people, the navy and the army; the war could

be won. Grand Duke Alexander and his brother George Mikhailovich requested the Tsar to fire Stürmer. Sir George Buchanan also attempted to influence the Tsar, but the latter did not appreciate the British ambassador's advice.

 

Grand Duke Nikolai Mikhailovich, according to M. Nelipa one of the key players, prince Lvov and general Mikhail Alekseyev, who believed secret strategic information had gone through the hands of Alexandra and Rasputin, attempted to persuade Nicholas to send the Empress away either to the Livadia Palace in Yalta or to England. In August Rasputin told Alexandra the Russian army should not cross the  Carpathians;  the losses would be too great. On the 18th the Tsar asked his wife not to tell Rasputin about his plans concerning the Brusilov Offensive; troops were sent from Riga to the south. On the 20th of

September the offense was stopped by the Tsar, because of the enormous losses in four months. The

Russian Army (in Romania) was both demoralized and nearly out of supplies.

 

On the 19th of November the popular  Vladimir Purishkevich  held a two-hour speech in the Duma,

accusing the government of "Germanophilism" and stifling "public initiative." The trouble was that the 

different ministries did not cooperate. The government was the problem. The monarchy – because of

what he called the "ministerial leapfrog" – had become "fully descredited".

 

"The Tsar's ministers who have been turned into marionettes, marionettes whose threads have been

taken firmly in hand by Rasputin and the Empress  Alexandra Fyodorovna —the evil genius of Russia

and the Tsarina ... who has remained a German on the Russian throne and alien to the country and its

people."

 

Purishkevich, a buffoon character, stated that Rasputin's influence over the Tsarina had made him a

threat to the empire "an illiterate moujik shall govern Russia no longer!" "While Rasputin is alive, we

cannot  win". Prince Felix Yusupov was impressed by the remarkable speech. He visited Purishkevich,

who quickly agreed to participate in the murder of Rasputin. Yusupov approached the lawyer Vasily

Maklakov, who agreed to advise Felix. Also Grand Duke  Dmitri Pavlovich  received Yusupov's

suggestion with alacrity, and his alliance was welcomed as indicating that the murder would not be a

demonstration against the Romanov dynasty. Then Yusupov approached Sergei Mikhailovich Sukhotin (1887-1926) who served with the Guards Rifle Brigade, Life Guards Infantry, but recuperating from injuries in Hotel Astoria. In December 1916 Felix Yusupov became extremely worried about the tsarina as regent; the Duma would lose and Rasputin would gain influence. A separate peace between Russia and Germany could become reality, a few months before the USA, preparing itself, stepped into World War I.

 

With the help of general  A. A. Mosolov,  his brother-in-law, Trepov offered a substantial amount of money a bodyguard and a house to Rasputin, if he would leave politics. Rasputin apparently feared that he would die before the end of the year. His death might be expected at any time. It seems he accepted his destiny. On the 13th December Rasputin warned against the influence of Trepov. It seems he hardly left his house. It is most likely he burned his correspondence and moved money to his daughters from his bank

account.

 

On Friday afternoon, the 16th of December, Rasputin returned from the "banya" at 3 p.m. About seven individuals visited his apartment onwards. Around 8 p.m. he told Anna Vyrubova, who presented him a small icon, signed and dated at the back by the Tsarina and her daughters, of a proposed midnight visit to Yusupov in his palace. Protopopov, a late visitor who only stayed ten minutes, seems to have begged him not to go out that night. Nelipa thinks what happened next was intentionally timed; both Grand Duke Dmitry and Purishkevich, assisting at the front, had arrived in the city. Rasputin was murdered on the night after the Duma went into recess. "The forthcoming recess would eliminate the otherwise predictable uproar from any of the delegates at the Tauride Palace, had the murder been arranged a few days earlier."

rasputin puppet master to the russian royal family

 RASPUTIN 

 PUPPET MASTER 

 OF THE RUSSIAN 

 ROYAL  FAMILY. 

 

 

 “When the bell tolls three times, it will announce that I have been killed. If I am killed by common men, 

 you and your children will rule Russia for centuries to come; if I am killed by one of your stock, 

 you and your family will be killed by the Russian people! Pray Tsar of Russia. Pray.” 

 

 

There are very few facts between the night Rasputin disappeared and the day his corpse was dredged up from the river. "As far as the Yusupov Palace is concerned, the Police had no right to make inquiries unless invited to do so. The Director of Police was unable to ask the simplest of questions such as who was present at the palace on the night," and "nothing other than a cursory search was allowed inside." So the murder of Rasputin has become something of a legend, some of it invented, perhaps embellished or simply misremembered.

 

Yusupov, who had visited Rasputin in the past few months for treatment, invited Rasputin to the  MoikaPalace,  intimating his wife,

Princess Irina, would be back from Koreiz and Rasputin could meet her after a housewarming party. (Yusupov later denied his wife was involved). Around midnight, on Friday 16 Saturday 17 December, Prince Felix went with Dr. Stanislaus de Lazovert to

Rasputin's apartment. Yusupov didn't use the regular stairs at this unseemly hour, but a stairwell in the courtyard. Around one

o'clock in the morning they drove to the recently refurbished palace, where a sound-proof room, part of the wine cellar, had been specially prepared for the crime. According to Purishkevich they had placed four bottles, containing different kinds of sweet wines, in a window. Waiting in his drawing room on another floor were the fellow conspirators:

                                                                                                                                     Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich, Purishkevich, his assistant Lazovert and Sukhotin, a friend of Felix's mother. It seems some women were invited but Yusupov did not mention their names; Radzinsky suggested Dimitri's step-sister Marianne Pistohlkors and film star Vera Karalli.

 

According to Yusupov in his memoirs, he offered Rasputin tea and petit fours laced with a large amount of cyanide. Maurice Paléologue, who in later years rewrote his memoirs, seems to know they discussed spirituality and  occultism;   Albert Stopford

writes that politics was the issue. Purishkevich, a teetotaller, mentions he could hear bottles were opened. (It is highly likely Yusupov

offered Rasputin top wines from the Crimea, from his own vineyard, and perhaps a cherry brandy.) After an hour or so Rasputin was fairly drunk. Yusupov went upstairs and came back with Dmitri's revolver. Rasputin was shot at close quarters by Felix sitting left of him. The bullet entered the chest, penetrating the stomach and the liver; it left the body on the right side. Then Rasputin fell onto a white bearskin.

 

However, Yusupov did not succeed in killing Rasputin. After a while "Rasputin opened his eyes and became aware of his predicament." He struggled up the stairs to reach the first landing, opening an unlocked door to the courtyard, which had been—not long before—used by Yusupov's conspirators. Alarmed by the noise,  Purishkevich  went down and fired at Rasputin four times, missing three times (from an unknown distance according to Nelipa). The bullet penetrated the right kidney and lodged into the

spine. Rasputin never reached the gate, but fell into the snow, just outside the door. Then the body was carried back inside. A nervous Yusupov severely hit his victim in his right eye with his shoe. Both shots were fatal; he would have died within 10–20 minutes, but when the body made a sudden movement, one of them placed his revolver on the forehead and pulled the trigger.

 

corpse of rasputin december the 19th 1916

                                                                                                                          Two city policemen on duty heard a 'rapid fire' of                                                                                                                                      gunshot sequence; they had also seen cars coming

                                                                                                                          and leaving. They discussed the issue on the                                                                                                                                             Pochtamtsky Bridge.  One of them questioned                                                                                                                                          Yusupov's butler for details, but was sent away. Twenty                                                                                                                            minutes later he was re-invited to the palace.                                                                                                                                            Purishkevich boasted he had shot Rasputin, and asked                                                                                                                            the policeman, aware of his mistake, to keep it quiet for                                                                                                                            the sake of the Tsar. However, this policeman told his                                                                                                                              superiors everything he had heard and seen.

                                                                                              "Grigori Rasputin:

                                                                                                              When I go to          confession I don't offer God small sins, petty squabbles, jealousies... I offer him sins worth forgiving!"

 

The conspirators had planned to burn Rasputin’s possessions; Sukhotin put on Rasputin’s fur coat, his galoshes, and gloves. He left together with Dmitri Pavlovich and  Dr. Lazovert  in Purishkevich's car, to suggest that Rasputin had left the palace alive. Because Purishkevich's wife refused to burn the fur coat and the rubber galoshes in her small fireplace in Purishkevich's ambulance train, the conspirators went back to the palace with these large items.

 

When the body was wrapped in a broadcloth, Dimitri and his fellow conspirators drove in the direction of  Krestovsky island  and threw the corpse from the car over the railing into an ice-hole in the Malaya Nevka River. They drove back, without noticing that one of Rasputin's galoshes was stuck between the pylons of the bridge. Unfortunately for the plotters his coat "formed an air bell" and

the corpse drifted into an ice mass; it prevented the body’s disposal into the sea.

 

The next morning, at 8 a.m. the police came to Rasputin's apartment, and asked his daughters where their father was. At eleven he still had not shown up. Then Rasputin's disappearance was reported by Maria to Vyrubova. When Vyrubova spoke of it to the Empress, Alexandra pointed out that Princess Irina was absent from Petrograd. When Protopopov mentioned the story reported by the policemen at the Moika, they began to believe that Rasputin had been lured into an ambush. On the Empress' orders, a police investigation commenced and traces of blood were discovered on the steps to the backdoor of the Yusupov Palace. Felix explained the blood with a story that by accident one of his dogs was shot by  Grand Duke Dmitri.  They both tried to gain access to the empress on Sunday. The Tsarina refused to meet the two, but said they could explain to her what had happened in a letter. Purishkevich assisted them writing and left the city at ten in the evening, heading to the front. The next day Prince Yusupov and Grand Duke Dmitri were placed under house arrest in the Sergei Palace when an Uhlenhuth test showed the blood was of human origin. Felix refused to tell the police where the body was.

 

In the afternoon, traces of blood were detected on the parapet of the Bolshoy Petrovsky bridge and one of Rasputin's galoshes was found under the bridge. In the middle of night Maria and her sister affirmed it belonged to their father. It was late, but the police knew where to investigate. On Monday morning, 19 December (O.S.), Rasputin's beaver-fur coat and the body were discovered close to the river bank, 140 meters west of the bridge. The police and government officials arrived within 15 minutes. In the late afternoon it was decided the frozen corpse had to be taken to the desolate  Chesmensky Almshouse.  On the next day Makarov was fired, for hindering a police investigation. In the evening an autopsy on the thawed corpse by Kosorotov, a forensic expert, in a poorly lit mortuary room established that the cause of his instant death was the third bullet in his frontal lobe, according to Nelipa with strong evidence there was an exit wound at the back of the head. (His official report is still missing.) The first and third shots were made at close range, but had exited his body. The second bullet was extracted. There was alcohol in his body, but no water found in his lungs and no cyanide in his stomach. (Maria Rasputin asserts that, after the attack by Guseva, her father suffered from hyperacidity and avoided anything with sugar. She and Simanovitch, doubted he was poisoned at all.) There were a number of injuries, most of them supposedly caused after his death. His right eye was struck by a blunt object, e.g. a boot, his right cheek was shattered when the body hit the pylon of the bridge.

 

On 21 December Rasputin's body was taken in a zinc coffin from the Chesmensky Almshouse to be buried in a corner on the property of Vyrubova and adjacent to the palace. The burial at 8.45 in the morning was attended by the Imperial couple with their daughters, Vyrubova, her maid, and a few of Rasputin's friends, such as Lili Dehn, Protopopov and Colonel Loman. It is not clear whether Rasputin's two daughters were present, although Maria Rasputin claimed she was there. Later that day Irina's father Grand Duke  Alexander Mikhailovich  wrote to the Tsar to close the case. After a week and without an interrogation or a trial the Tsar sent Grand Duke Dmitry Pavlovich, and Yusupov into exile. He ensured that Rasputin's murder would never become a matter for the

court to judge. On Saturday 24 December Dmitri left at two in the morning for Qazvin in Persia, Felix for Rakitnoe, his estate near

Belgorod; the police were ordered to stop their inquest.

 

On 27 December the hesitating Nikolai Golitsyn became the

successor of Trepov, who was allowed to retire. Also  Pavel Ignatieff, 

Alexander Makarovand Dmitry Shuvayev were replaced. "In the

seventeen months of the `Tsarina's rule', from September 1915 to

February 1917, Russia had four Prime Ministers, five Ministers of

the Interior, three Foreign Ministers, three War Ministers, two

Ministers of Transport and four Ministers of Agriculture. This

"ministerial leapfrog", as it came to be known, not only removed

competent men from power, but also disorganized the work of

government since no one remained long enough in office to master

their responsibilities."

 

More and more people came to the conclusion that the problem was

not Rasputin but the weak-willed Emperor, who had secluded

himself in  Tsarskoe Selo  unable to react on what had happened.

The struggle between the Tsar and the Duma became more bitter

than ever. Two rival institutions, the Duma and the Petrograd Soviet, which

had established itself in the Tauride Palace too, competed for power.

During the February Revolution, the government had difficulties to suppress

the riots. On 26 February, the Tsar ordered the army to suppress the rioting by

force, troops began to mutiny and join the protesters and demanding a new

constitutional government. The meeting of the Duma was prorogued by the

Tsar, although Golitsyn opposed its dissolution. A private body of Duma

members was formedto help restore order. "On the evening of 27 February the

Council of Ministers of Russia held its last meeting in the Marinsky Palace and

formally submitted its resignation to the Tsar. The Provisional Committee of the

State Duma ordered the arrest of all the ex-ministers and senior officials"

 

post mortem of rasputin showing the bullet wound in his forehead
Rasputin You Cant Catch Me

 Post-mortem photograph of Rasputin showing 

 the bullet wound in his forehead 

 

The monarchy was deserted by all the élites of the old society, the landowners,

the army officers, the industrialists, and politicians of the Duma. On 2 March

1917 (O.S.)  Nikolai Ruzsky,  Vasily Shulgin and Guchkov came to the train

station at Pskov to persuade the Tsar, accompanied by Vladimir Freedericksz and Grand Duke Nicholas, to resign. On 4 March the investigation on Rasputin was stopped by Kerensky and he extended an amnesty to the three main conspirators. On 6 March the British prime minister David Lloyd George gave a cautious welcome to the suggestion of the Russian Foreign Minister Pavel Milyukov that the toppled Tsar and his family be given sanctuary in Britain (although Lloyd George would have preferred that they go to a neutral country). On the 8th all the movements of the imperial family were restricted as the grave of Rasputin had become a place of worship for the Tsarina and her daughters. Rasputin's secret grave site was found under a pile of rocks in the woods. The coffin was transported to the town hall, where a curious crowd gathered, and secured under guard over night. According to Moynahan:

                 "Rasputin’s face was found to have turned black, and an icon was found on his chest. It bore the signatures of Vyrubova, Alexandra, and her four daughters. The body was put into a packing case that once held a piano and was driven in secret to the imperial stables in  Petrograd.  The next day it was loaded onto a truck and taken out of Petrograd on the Lesnoe Road."

 

Authors do not agree what happened on the night of 10/11 March after the truck drove on its way north in the direction of Piskarevka

in the  Vyborgsky District.  According to some authors, the truck broke down or the snow forced them to stop and the corpse was burned in a field. It is more likely the corpse was incinerated (between 3 and 7 in the morning) in the cauldrons of the nearby boiler shop of the Saint Petersburg State Polytechnical University, including the coffin, without leaving a single trace. Anything that had to do with Rasputin disappeared permanently.

 

The official police report, with details gathered in two days, and stopped with the idea the murder was solved, is unconvincing. "Unfortunately, after the Soviets came to power, many of the documents that formed part of the official secret investigation have either been destroyed, or have disappeared." What is left are the memoirs of the murderers, the 29-year-old Felix Yusupov and 47-year-old Vladimir Purishkevich. The theatrical details of the murder given by Felix have never stood up to scrutiny. He changed his account several times; the statement given to the  Petrograd police,  the accounts given whilst in exile in the Crimea in 1917, his 1927 book, and finally the accounts given under oath to libel juries in 1934 and 1965 all differ to some extent.

 

"When asked [in 1965] by his attorney as to his motive in killing Rasputin, he announced that he was motivated by his 'distaste for Rasputin's  debaucheries.'  This represented a major shift from his argument since 1917 that emphasized that he was motivated solely by patriotism for Russia."

 

Yusupov's role in the murder has been called into question,

being consumed by the thought that "not a single important

event at the front was decided [during the war] without a

preliminary conference" between Alexandra and Rasputin.

 

Concerning the details of the murder, not even the murderers

could give consistent accounts. Differing opinions ranged from

the colour of shirt he wore to whose weapon or car was used or

even where he was finally wounded. Purishkevich said he fired

at Rasputin from behind at a distance of twenty paces and hit

Rasputin in the back of the head. However, there is no photo of

the rear of  Rasputin’s head. 

 

Neither Purishkevich nor Yusupov mention the close quarter

shot to the forehead. The caliber of the weapon that was used

cannot be measured. "The hypothesis that the gunshot to the head was caused by an unjacketed bullet (of British origin) is not supported by the forensic findings or police forensic photographs." Nelipa thinks it is not very likely a  Webley .455  inch and an unjacketed bullet was used, because its impact would have been different.

 

According to the 1916 autopsy report by  Dmitri Kosorotov,  two bullets had passed through the body, so it was impossible to tell

how many people were shooting and to determine whether only one kind of revolver was used. "Kosorotov never stated that

different caliber weapons were responsible."

 

There were two officers of the British Secret Intelligence Service (SIS) in Petrograd at the time.  Lieutenant Oswald Rayner  and Captain Stephen Alley, born in a Arkhangelskoye Palace near Moscow in 1876, where his father was one of the prince's tutors. Rayner knew Yusupov since they had met at University of Oxford. "Cook might be right that a British agent was present at the Yusupov Palace on the night of Rasputin’s murder" but "Rayner did not have to do any more than stand back and wait until the Russians would complete their pre-arranged task."

 

Fuhrmann suggests Buchanan knew already at 5.30 in the morning Rasputin was dead (and not missing). According to Sir Samuel Hoare, head of the British Intelligence Service in Russia:

                                                                                         "If  MI6  had a part in the killing of Rasputin, I would have expected to have found some trace of that".

Rasputin Demonic Picture
Drawing Of Rasputin
russia romanov flag
rasputin tinted color photo
rasputin russian with officers
rasputin a life by joseph t fuhrmann
rasputin sweet talking the ladies
the weak tsar of russia
the tsars son who was killed so young
the tsarina who lost the tsars russian throne
rasputins penis what a whopper no wonder he was a ladies man
dicaprio as rasputin the mad monk

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